ZENTAUR POLY
 

 


URSUS POLY
 

 


TYTAN POLY
 

 


REKORD POLY
 

 


KACPER

 


SYRIUSZ
 

 


SOLIDAR
 

 


NEPTUN

 

 


MERKURY

 

 


KRAKUS

 

FODDER BEETS

Cultivated forms of beet come from the Middle East. They were derived about 3000 years ago from the Beta vulgaris wild form. In 10th – 8th centuries BC it was cultivated in Babylonia, Syria and Palestine, for consumption and medical use. Beets were brought to Europe in the 15th century for garden cultivation. They were probably first brought to Spain and then to other European countries. In the XVIII century beets were incorporated into field cultivation and competed with turnip as a feed for cattle. The beet was brought to Poland from Germany. It first appeared in Silesia by the name of ‘Runkelrube’.

Beets are a universal, energetic, juicy feed for all animal species: horses, cattle, pigs, poultry and small livestock. They are characterized by very high yield of roots, leaves and dry matter yield per hectare. They have beneficial effect on the use of compound feed. Their use guarantees tasty and healthy meet and milk. In our offer there are multigerm varieties (thinning required) and genetic monogerm varieties (sowing in a row without thinning).

Roots can be well preserved in basements and clamps late into spring. Multigerm and genetically monogerm varieties have the same climate and soil requirements. In the feeding of beef cattle fodder beet facilitates better use of feed and guarantees tasty lean meat. In the feeding of pigs beets are a great, non-fattening feed – it can replace potatoes, which are highly fattening (which leads to meat overgrown with fat). In the feeding of dairy cows beets stimulate milk production and help increase fat and protein content in milk.

VARIETIES MULTIGERM

WHITE ROOTS

ZENTAUR POLY – Beta vulgaris var. Rekord Poly
A multigerm, heterotic, poliploidal variety; half-sugar type. White oval-shaped root, shallow root groove (little fouled with soil). Resistant to premature sprouting, resistant to diseases such as: cercospora and jaundice virus. It is characterized by very good health of roots and leaves and can be well preserved into late spring at temperatures ranging from 0.5 to 4.0oC; low loss – under 2%. Resistant to drought, suitable for growing in poorer soils. 60% planting depth allows mechanical harvest after trimming of leaves.1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.10 to 0.15 of oat unit, 6-8 grams of digestible protein.

Root yield: 1000 – 1100 q from 1 ha
Dry matter %: 12.5 – 14.0 %
Dry matter yield: 140 – 160 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 330 – 380 q from 1 ha

URSUS POLY –  Beta vulgaris var. Ursus Poly
A multigerm, heterotic, poliploidal variety. Yellow and orange roots of cylindrical shape, Ekendorf Gelb-type. Roots little fouled with soil, 40% planting depth, high yield. Very easy to harvest by hand. Good health of plants, low tendency to premature sprouting. Suitable for growing in rich soils. Relatively shallow planting depth (40%) allows harvest by hands. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.10 to 0.15 of oat unit, 6 –7 grams of digestible protein. Contains carotene.

Root yield: 1000 – 1250 q from 1 ha
Dry matter %: 11.5 – 13.0 %
Dry matter yield: 120 – 140 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 280 – 350 q from 1 ha

 

RED ROOTS

REKORD POLY – Beta vulgaris var. Rekord Poly
A multigerm, heterotic, poliploidal variety, Kendorf Rot-type. Red roots of cylindrical shape. The highest root yield of all multigerm varieties. planting depth 40%, roots very little fouled with soil. Very easy to harvest by hands. Good health of plants, low tendency to premature sprouting. Suitable for growing in rich soils. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.10 to 0.12 of oat unit, 6 –7 grams of digestible protein.

Root yield: 1100 – 1300 q from 1 ha
Dry matter %: 11.0 – 12.0 %
Dry matter yield: 135 – 146 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 230 – 280 q from 1 ha

WHITE ROOT

CENTURION – Beta vulgaris var. Centurion
The latest genetically monogerm variety. Heterotic diploid hybrid variety, Zentaur Poly-type. White oval-shaped roots, planting depth 55–60%. Tolerant to jaundice and cercospora; tendency to premature sprouting, drought resistant, suitable for mechanical harvesting. Increased dry matter content within the limits of 15.0 to 15.4%. The first fodder variety to have reduced susceptibility to rhizomania virus. Due to average or greater than average tendency to premature sprouting it is recommended to grow fodder beets in milder climate conditions, using soil from wheat-beet category class I to IV. A deep layer of non-acidified topsoil with permeable ground is recommended.
Root yield: 910 - 1000 q per hectare
% of dry matter: 15.0 – 15.4%
Dry matter yield: 130 - 140 q per hectare
Leaf yield: 330 - 340 q per hectare

KACPER – A monogerm, heterotic, hybrid, triploid variety. Fertile fodder type, similar to former Zentaur - Cyklop AD variety. White, oval-shaped roots. Roots very little fouled with soil. 65% planting depth. This variety is resistant to drought and suitable for mechanical harvest. Low tendency to premature sprouting. This variety was awarded with the Gold Medal at POLAGRA Poznań International Fair in 2004. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.10 to 0.15 of oat unit, 10 –12 grams of digestible protein.

Root yield: 1100 – 1250 q from 1 ha
% of dry matter: 13.0 – 13.6 %
Dry matter yield: 143 – 165 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 320 – 380 q from 1 ha

SYRIUSZ – Beta vulgaris var. Syriusz
A new variety, genetically monogerm, heterotic diploid hybrid, Zentaur Poly-type. White roots, shallow root groove. Roots very little fouled with soil. 55% planting depth. This variety is resistant to jaundice virus and cercospora, resistant to drought, suitable for growing in poorer soils and for mechanical harvest. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.10 to 0.15 of oat unit, 11 –12 grams of digestible protein.

Root yield: 1000 - 1150 q from 1 ha
% of dry matter : 13.5 - 14.3 %
Dry matter yield: 130 - 160 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 320-380 q from 1 ha

YELLOW ROOTS

SOLIDAR –Beta vulgaris var. Solidar
A monogerm, heterotic hybrid, diploidal variety. Yellow and orange roots, cylindrical-oval shape. 45-50% planting depth. Roots very little fouled with soil. This variety is suitable for harvest by hands. Very similar to Ursus Poly variety. Very well preserved. This variety was awarded with the Gold Medal at POLAGRA Poznań International Fair in 1995. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.10 to 0.11 of oat unit, 8 –11 grams of digestible protein. Contains carotene.

Root yield: 1100 – 1200 q from 1 ha
% of dry matter: 12.0 – 13.0 %
Dry matter yield: 130 – 150 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 310 -– 350 q from 1 ha

KRAKUS –  Beta vulgaris var. Krakus
A genetically monogerm variety. Heterotic triploid hybrid variety, Tytan Poly and Brygadier-type. Orange-yellow oval-shaped roots, planting depth 60%. Shallow root groove. Roots very little fouled with soil. Tolerant to jaundice and cercospora; low tendency to premature sprouting, Suitable for mechanical harvest. Resistant to cercospora and jaundine. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.12 to 0.15 of oat unit, 9-12 grams of digestible protein. Due to higher carotene content, the variety is recommended in feeding horses.

Root yield:1060 - 1200 q from 1 ha
% of dry matter: 12.7 - 13.6 %
Dry matter yield: 135 - 160 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 280-350 q from 1 ha

RED ROOTS

NEPTUN – Beta vulgaris var. Neptun
A genetically monogerm variety, heterotic triploid hybrid. Very high root yield – fertile type. Red conical/oval root. Relatively resistant to cercospora and premature sprouting, 50% planting depth. Roots very little fouled with soil. This variety is resistant to drought and suitable for growing in poorer soils. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.12 to 0.15 of oat unit, 8-10 grams of digestible protein.

Root yield: 1100 - 1300 q from 1 ha
% of dry matter: 12.5 - 13.0%
Dry matter yield: 130 - 160 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 320-380 q from 1 ha

MERKURY – Beta vulgaris var. Merkrury
A genetically monogerm variety, heterotic triploid hybrid. Red oval/conical root. Fertile variety with low tendency to premature sprouting. Relatively resistant to cercospora. Reliable yield. Resistant to drought and suitable for growing in poorer soils. 50% planting depth, suitable for mechanical harvest. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.10 to 0.11 of oat unit, 8-11 grams of digestible protein.
Root yield: 960 - 1200 q from 1 ha
% of dry matter: 12.9 - 13.2 %
Dry matter yield: 130 - 140 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 350 - 380 q from 1 ha

KREZUS –  Beta vulgaris var. Krezus
The latest genetically monogerm variety. Seeds will be available for purchase in 2011. A heterotic triploid hybrid. Red roots, conical shape. 55% planting depth. Roots very little fouled with soil. Suitable for mechanical harvest. This variety is resistant to drought and suitable for growing in poorer soils. Relatively resistant to cercospora and premature sprouting. 1 kg of beets contains easily absorbable sucrose: from 0.10 to 0.13 of oat unit, 8-10 grams of digestible protein.
Root yield: 950- 1100 q from 1 ha
% of dry matter: 13.4 - 14.5 %
Dry matter yield: 130 - 147 q from 1 ha
Leaf yield: 360-390 q from 1 ha


CULTIVATION RECOMMENDATIONS

Climate and soil requirements:
Due to their high resistance to premature sprouting, fodder beets may be cultivated in cooler climatic conditions, where corn growing is not recommended. Fodder beets may be cultivated in soils from IV and V soil categories, provided that there is a deep topsoil layer with permeable, not acidified subsoil.

Fertilizing
Organic: if possible 30-40 t/ha of manure or shredded straw in the second year of growing. Fodder beets have high yield also without organic fertilizing, provided that they are not subject to crop rotation more often than every 5 years.

Mineral:
N - 100 to 150 kg/ha
P2O5 - 80 to 120 kg/ha in autumn
K2O - 150 to 200 kg/ha in autumn

Sowing:
Optimum time for sowing is the first and second decade of April; in the north-west territories – third decade of April.

Seeding standard:
For multigerm varieties: 15 - 20 kg/ha.
For coated monogerm varieties: 120,000 seeds per 1 ha at germination capacity of 85 % for target sowing of 18-20 cm in a row and row spacing of 42-45 cm ( 6-8kg/ha). For non-coated monogerm varieties: 3-4 kg/ha. Good crops with minimum planting density of 100,000 plants per 1 ha.

Chemical protection:
Against monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weeds apply Dual Gold + Pyramin before sowing; during vegetation apply Fusilade + Betanal. Spray Dursban or Pirinex in order to provide protection against polyphagous pests, small pests, anthomyid flies and aphids, with dose of 2.5 l/ha (after herbicides). If there are many soil pests, apply 15 kg/ha of Furadan 5GR granulated product. Sow the substance before applying herbicides using a seeding machine (equipment for sowing of small-seeds). The granulated product may be also sown simultaneously with seed sowing using an appropriate drill equipped with an applicator. During vegetation apply Sumi Alpha, Bi 58, and Fastach products.